Cassandra Documentation


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The bash script file can be used to pass additional options to the Java virtual machine (JVM), such as maximum and minimum heap size, rather than setting them in the environment. If the JVM settings are static and do not need to be computed from the node characteristics, the cassandra-jvm-options files should be used instead. For example, commonly computed values are the heap sizes, using the system values.

For example, add JVM_OPTS="$JVM_OPTS -Dcassandra.load_ring_state=false" to the file and run the command-line cassandra to start. The option is set from the file, and is equivalent to starting Cassandra with the command-line option cassandra -Dcassandra.load_ring_state=false.

The -D option specifies the start-up parameters in both the command line and file. The following options are available:


Facilitates setting auto_bootstrap to false on initial set-up of the cluster. The next time you start the cluster, you do not need to change the cassandra.yaml file on each node to revert to true, the default value.


In a multi-instance deployment, multiple Cassandra instances will independently assume that all CPU processors are available to it. This setting allows you to specify a smaller set of processors.


If JNA fails to initialize, Cassandra fails to boot. Use this command to boot Cassandra without JNA.


The directory location of the cassandra.yaml file. The default location depends on the type of installation.


Setting this property to true causes the dynamic snitch to ignore the severity indicator from gossip when scoring nodes. Explore failure detection and recovery and dynamic snitching for more information.

Default: false


Use when virtual nodes (vnodes) are not used. Sets the initial partitioner token for a node the first time the node is started. Note: Vnodes are highly recommended as they automatically select tokens.

Default: disabled


Set to false to start Cassandra on a node but not have the node join the cluster. You can use nodetool join and a JMX call to join the ring afterwards.

Default: true


Set to false to clear all gossip state for the node on restart.

Default: true


Set the partitioner.

Default: org.apache.cassandra.dht.Murmur3Partitioner


Set the cache size for prepared statements.

cassandra.replace_address=<listen_address of dead node>|<broadcast_address of dead node>

To replace a node that has died, restart a new node in its place specifying the listen_address or broadcast_address that the new node is assuming. The new node must not have any data in its data directory, the same state as before bootstrapping. Note: The broadcast_address defaults to the listen_address except when using the Ec2MultiRegionSnitch.


Allow restoring specific tables from an archived commit log.


Defines the amount of time a node waits to hear from other nodes before formally joining the ring.

Default: 1000ms


Set the port on which the CQL native transport listens for clients.

Default: 9042


Set the port for the Thrift RPC service, which is used for client connections.

Default: 9160


Set the port for inter-node communication.

Default: 7000


Set the SSL port for encrypted communication.

Default: 7001


Enable or disable the native transport server. See start_native_transport in cassandra.yaml.

Default: true


Enable or disable the Thrift RPC server.

Default: true


Set the default location for the trigger JARs.

Default: conf/triggers


For testing new compaction and compression strategies. It allows you to experiment with different strategies and benchmark write performance differences without affecting the production workload.


Set to true makes Cassandra perform bootstrap safely without violating consistency. False disables this.