Cassandra is moving to a monthly release process called Tick-Tock. Even-numbered releases (e.g. 3.2) contain new features; odd-numbered releases (e.g. 3.3) contain bug fixes only. If a critical bug is found, a patch will be released against the most recent bug fix release. Read more about tick-tock here.
Older supported releases
The following older Cassandra releases are still supported:
- Apache Cassandra 3.0 is supported until 6 months after 4.0 release (date TBD). The latest release is 3.0.13 (pgp, md5 and sha1), released on 2017-04-14.
- Apache Cassandra 2.2 is supported until 4.0 release (date TBD). The latest release is 2.2.9 (pgp, md5 and sha1), released on 2017-02-21.
- Apache Cassandra 2.1 is supported until 4.0 release (date TBD) with critical fixes only. The latest release is 2.1.17 (pgp, md5 and sha1), released on 2017-02-21.
Older (unsupported) versions of Cassandra are archived here.
Installation from Debian packages
- For tick-tock releases, the
<release series>is the release number, without dot, and with an appended
For older pre-tick-tock releases, the
<release series>is the major version number, without dot, and with an appended
x. So currently it can one of
- Add the Apache repository of Cassandra to
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/cassandra.sources.list, for example for version 3.10:
echo "deb http://www.apache.org/dist/cassandra/debian 310x main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/cassandra.sources.list
- Add the Apache Cassandra repository keys:
curl https://www.apache.org/dist/cassandra/KEYS | sudo apt-key add -
- Update the repositories:
sudo apt-get update
- If you encounter this error:
GPG error: http://www.apache.org 310x InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY A278B781FE4B2BDA
Then add the public key A278B781FE4B2BDA as follows:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-key A278B781FE4B2BDA
sudo apt-get update. The actual key may be different, you get it from the error message itself. For a
full list of Apache contributors public keys, you can refer to https://www.apache.org/dist/cassandra/KEYS.
- Install Cassandra:
sudo apt-get install cassandra
- You can start Cassandra with
sudo service cassandra startand stop it with
sudo service cassandra stop. However, normally the service will start automatically. For this reason be sure to stop it if you need to make any configuration changes.
- Verify that Cassandra is running by invoking
nodetool statusfrom the command line.
- The default location of configuration files is
- The default location of log and data directories is
- Start-up options (heap size, etc) can be configured in
Installation from RPM packages
Cassandra can currently only be installed manually from downloaded RPM packages. We’ll work on making upcoming releases available through repositories in the future.
The following versions are currently available for download:
- 3.0.13 (md5:
Any instructions have been tested with CentOS 7 and should work for all Redhat based distributions. Please see note on end of this section on how to report any issues.
Start Cassandra (will not start automatically):
service cassandra start
Systemd based distributions may require to run
systemctl daemon-reload once to make Cassandra available as a systemd service. This should happen automatically by running the command above.
Make Cassandra start automatically after reboot:
chkconfig cassandra on
Please note that official RPMs for Apache Cassandra only have been available recently and are not tested thoroughly on all platforms yet. We appreciate your feedback and support and ask you to post details on any issues in the corresponding Jira ticket.
Development is done in the Apache Git repository. To check out a copy:
git clone http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/cassandra.git